Electric and acoustic guitars can be clearly distinguished from each other just by their looks. Before buying a guitar, the beginner should consider the difference between electric and acoustic guitars. The acoustic guitar is the most common guitar usually used at home. It has a sound hole at its center to help modulate sound and increase the volume of the vibrating strings. It is also bulkier but lighter because it is hollow inside. Its design is also common to other string instruments like the violin and cello that use the “hollowness” inside to generate louder sounds.
A special type of acoustic guitar is the classical guitar. The classical guitar has a broader neck and uses both steel and nylon strings. Acoustic guitars like the classical are used to play mellow and folk music. These guitars produce sound by hitting many strings in a single stroke, also called strumming, or hitting strings individually, also known as plucking. The tension on these strings can be adjusted by turning heads found at the guitar’s end.
On the other hand, the electric guitar is more solid and heavier than its acoustic counterpart. However, they are smaller but more compact. They have thinner necks and strings, which can make playing easier for the beginner. They can only produce music when partnered with electronic equipment such as sound amplifiers which require electricity, hence the name. They have a more complicated dashboard, with sliders, knobs and switches that can easily intimidate the guitar beginner. These buttons and controls assist in manipulating sound and volume. Well, like its acoustic brother, the electric guitar also has tuning pegs to adjust its metal strings.
Electric guitars are known for loud, sharp sounds and are associated with the rock and heavy metal genre. With the help of additional gadgets and devices, electric guitars can produce a wide variety of sounds.
When compared with the electric guitar, the acoustic wins when in it comes to portability. Though it may look bigger and bulkier, it doesn’t need the use of extra equipment to play. Acoustic guitars are also cheaper than its electric cousins and require less maintenance.
Recently, some guitars are produced with both acoustic and electric characteristics. They look like the acoustic, with the sound holes and the bulky look, but can be fitted with add-on devices such as a microphone or transducers. They also have quite a few knobs and switches to adjust sounds. Like the electric, these “electro acoustics” have female plug holes that can be wire-connected to amplifiers.